Almond Oil: (Prunus Dulcis)
Almond oil can also be used as a wood conditioner of certain woodwind instruments, such as the oboe and clarinet.
Almonds can be processed into a milk substitute called almond milk; the nut's soft texture, mild flavor, and light coloring (when skinned) make for an efficient analog to dairy, and a soy-free choice for lactose intolerant people and vegans.
The almond is native to the Mediterranean climate region of the Middle East, eastward as far as the Indus. In India, it is known as Badam. It was spread by humans in ancient times along the shores of the Mediterranean into northern Africa and southern Europe and more recently transported to other parts of the world, notably California, United States.
Aloe Vera: (Aloe Barbadenis)
The species is relatively resistant to most insect pests, though spider mites, mealy bugs, scale insects, and aphid species may cause a decline in plant health.
It has also been suggested that biofuels could be obtained from Aloe vera seeds.
6000 year old stone carvings in Egypt contain images of the plant, which they referred to as the "plant of imortality". It was given as a burial gift to deceased pharaohs.
Antioxidants also have many industrial uses, such as preservatives in food and cosmetics and to prevent the degradation of rubber and gasoline.
Uric acid is the highest concentration antioxidant in human blood.
Antioxidant vitamins are found in vegetables, fruits, eggs, legumes and nuts. Vitamins A, C or E can be destroyed by long-term storage or prolonged cooking. Processed food contains fewer antioxidant vitamins than fresh and uncooked foods, as preparation exposes food to heat and oxygen.
Apricot Oil: (Prunus Armeniaca)
The world's largest producer of dried apricots is Turkey.
Apricot seeds were used against tumors as early as AD 502. In England during the 17th century, apricot oil was also used against tumors, swellings, and ulcers.
The Chinese associate the apricot with education and medicine. The association with medicine in turn comes from the common use of apricot kernels as a component in traditional Chinese medicine, and from the story of Dong Feng, a physician during the Three Kingdoms period, who required no payment from his patients except that they plant apricot trees in his orchard on recovering from their illnesses, resulting in a large grove of apricot trees and a steady supply of medicinal ingredients.
Argan Oil: (Argania Spinosa L.)
In Morocco, Argan oil is used to dip bread in at breakfast or to drizzle on couscous or pasta.
The labour-intensive production of Argan oil is now frequently completed by women's co-operatives, which provides a steady income for many women and their families, social status improvement and has encouraged agricultural producers to examine the co-operative model.
At present, Argan oil production supports approximately 2.2 million people in the main Argan oil producing region (the Arganeraie).
Avocado Oil: (Persea Americana)
The oldest evidence of avocado use was found in a cave located in Coxcatlán, Puebla, Mexico, that dates to around 10,000 BC., though fossil evidence suggests similar species were much more widespread millions of years ago, occurring as far north as California at a time when the climate of that region was more hospitable to them.
The fruit is sometimes called an avocado pear or alligator pear due to its shape and the rough green skin of some cultivars.
The avocado tree does not tolerate freezing temperatures, and can be grown only in subtropical or tropical climates. Avocados that fall off the tree ripen on the ground, and like the banana, the avocado is a climacteric fruit, which matures on the tree, but ripens off the tree.
Black Seed Oil: (Nigella Sativa)
The scientific name is a derivative of Latin niger (black). In English, Nigella sativa seed is variously called fennel flower, nutmeg flower, black caraway, Roman coriander, and also called black cumin.
It has protective antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects, and promotes apoptosis (cell death) of the cancer cells.
Black cumin seeds are said to have been found in the tomb of King Tutankhamen, which seems likely, since the source of many of the best seeds is Egypt.